In 1877, painter Claude Monet rented a studio near the Gare Saint Lazare. That same year he exhibited seven paintings of the railway station in an impressionist painting exhibition. He completed 11 paintings of this subject

"The crush of people and the arrival and departure of the trains posed a challenge to Monet's powers of observation, forcing him to work quickly and retain the sensations of light, steam, and motion in his memory.
The subtle and often spectacular effects of color that emerged as the sun filtered through the glass canopy over the tracks revealed to Monet that light was a subject with infinite variations."[1]

[1]: http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/claude-monet-paintings-1873-18781...

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http://www.abcgallery.com/M/monet/monet.html